Location: Between republic of  India and the Tibetan autonomous region of the People's republic of China

Area: 147,181 square kilometer

Capital: Kathmandu

People: More than 100 ethnic groups (59 yet recognized by government) and 92 spoken languages

Political system: multi party democracy, Federal Republic democratic country

Topography: from the world’s deepest gorge ‘Kali-Gandaki’ to the highest point on earth ‘The Everest’

Vegetation: As per the size of the country, Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world, ranging from sub-tropical rain-forests to Alpine deserts.

Weather: Climate ranges from Tropical in the low lands to Arctic in higher altitudes.

Season: Winter (December to February), Summer (March to May), Monsoon (June to August), Autumn (September to November) [Monsoon: mostly rains, making the following day crispy clean and fresh. Most of the northern belt of the trans-Himalayan Zone is rain-shadowed and ideal for trekking.

National Bird: Lophophorus pheasant (Danfe)

National flower: Rhododendron-Arboreum (Lali Gurans)

World Heritage sites (Cultural)

  • Shoyambhu
  • Boudha
  • Changunarayan
  • Pashupatinath
  • Kathmandu Durbar Square
  • Patan Durbar Square
  • Bhaktapur Durbar Square

World heritage sites (Natural)

Everest National Park (1148 square kilometer

Royal Chitwan National Park (932 square kilometer)

National Parks:

Royal Bardia National Park (968 square kilometer)

Langtang National Park (1710 square kilometer)

Shey –Phoksundo National Park (3555 square kilometer)

Rara National Park (106 square kilometer)

Khaptad National Park (225 square kilometer)

Makalu-Barun National (2330 square kilometer)

Wildlife Reserves

Shukla Phanta Reserve (499 square kilometer)

Parsa Reserve (499 square kilometer)

Koshi-Tappu Reserve (175 square kilometer)

Conservation areas:

Annapurna (2600 square kilometer)

Makalu-Barun (2330 square kilometer)

Hunting Reserve:

Dhorpatan (1325 square kilometer)

Endanger Species

Tiger, Rhino, Snow leopard, Clouded leopard, Red panda, Brown bear, Asamese macaque, Gangetic dophin, Wolf, wild elephant, Giant horn-bill, swamp deer, wild yak, Nayan, Tebetan antelope, Black buck, four horned antelope, musk deer pigmy hog, Haspid harem Pangolin, Gharial, Indian bustard Saras crane, Impean pheasant, Python.


Nepal harbors one of the world’s best habitants for one horned rhino, royal Bengal tiger, snow leopard, clouded-leopard, Red panda, blue-sheep and long snouted fish eating Gharial. Other wildlife includes wild elephant, buffaloes, bisons, blue bull, brown bear, sloth bear, leopard, crocodiles and many varies of cat, dog, deer and antelope families and 840 different species of wet land, migratory and residential birds.

A living cultural Heritage:

The heritages in Nepal are alive and dynamic. Shmanism, Pananimism and witch craft are still practiced in remote regions. Temples, shrines, monuments and monasteries with devotees burning butter-lamps, singling hymns, chiming temple bells and playing drums are spotted everywhere as a living cultural heritage.

Travel Notes:

Visa: Available in Nepalese Embassies and Nepalese Consulates abroad or on arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu.

Currency: Nepalese Rupees.

Time: Nepal time is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT.

Tourism Services:

Trekking Services: one of the best in the world with treks guided by world renowned Sherpas.

White Water River Rafting: One of the best in Asia in terms of quality water rafting and professionals.

Mountaineering: One of the worlds’ most professional mountaineering services available here in Nepal.

Jungle Safaries: One of the best jungle Safari operations in Asia.

Helicopter Services: Most tourists’ destinations are easily accessible by a variety of helicopter services.

Charter Air Services: Permission for chartered air services is easily obtained from the Department of Civil Aviation.

Popular Tourist Destinations (By air/Road)

Gorkha, Pokhara, Baglung, Tansen, Lumbini, Janakpur, Bardia, Sukla-Phanta, Chitwan, Dhankuta, Dharan, Ilam, Dolakha, Koshi Tappu are to name a few.

Popular Tourist Destinations (By trek):

Everest, Annapurna, Jomsom, Manang, Mustang, Dolpo, Rara, Jumla, Lukla, Syanboche, Larke, Rowaling, Khptad, Manaslu, Makalu, Barun, Gosainkunda, Langtang, Helambu, Namche, Muktinath, Kanchanjunga are to name a few.,81.8855544,7z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x3995e8c77d2e68cf:0x34a29abcd0cc86de!8m2!3d28.394857!4d84.124008